Geography of ErnakulamSituated at the central part of the Indian state Kerala, Ernakulam is one of the prominent districts among the 14 districts of the state. Spread across an area of 3068 sqkm the district is considered as the commercial capital. Beautified with considerable number of temples, mosques and churches, gardens and museums and having the wonderful scenic view of the coastal areas and the scintillating backwaters make it a perfect tourist spot for people across the world. In fact, it has been registered as one of the prime tourist locations for people across countries with maximum visits among other places in the state. The district is the third highest populous district with 12% population of Kerala and one of the greatest achievements of the district is the fact that it was considered a 100% literate district in the year 1990. Ernakulam district is also the highest revenue yielder of the state with 14% contribution in the GDP of the state.
Climate of ErnakulamThe climate of Ernakulam district is essentially tropical. Since the district is based on the western coastal plains it remains quite near to the sea and this affects the weather of Ernakulam district in a huge way. Even the sufficient number of lakes and rivers contribute to the pleasant weather of the district and this soothing temperature prevails almost round the year. The summer season in Ernakulam stays from month of March to June where temperatures remain hot and humid with the maximum temperature recording at 370C. Then comes the monsoon season and stays till September. This season in Ernakulam remains characterized with heavy rainfall and this in turn also hampers the tourist visits. However, from October to February, it is the winter season where the temperature ranges from 170C to 330C. It is ideally the best season in the district as the temperatures remains quite cool and dry creating an ideal time for tourist visits.
Geographical Boundaries of ErnakulamErnakulam district has the best geographical location and condition that supports its existence in a brilliant way. Spreading for a distance of 38km from the northern part to the southern end and around 48km from eastern end to the extreme of west, this district remains bounded by the beautiful coastline of Arabian Sea stretching a length of 46.2km on the western side. It has Alappuzha and Kottayam districts on the south, Thrissur district on the northern side and Idukki district on the east. The exact location of Ernakulam district as per the meridians is longitude 76° 12' to 76° 46' and latitude 90° 42' to 10' 18' north.
According to the physiography of Ernakulam district, the area is divided into three major types, lowland, midland and highland and this includes the hills, plains and forests and obviously seaboard. The hilly region of the district lies in the western part where one can find few portions of the Western Ghats, Kothamangalam, Muvattupuzha and Alwaye. These places are often referred as the hilly taluks. However, the elevation of the highland is not more than 300meters. Next comes the midland area which basically has plain land with drainage facilities through canals and backwaters. The Cochin Taluk has Vaipinkara Island in the north and on the southern part there’s Fort Kochi encircled with waters on three sides. The Periyar River which is also incidentally the longest river of Kerala flows through the delta region. Lastly there is the lowland region which comprises of twenty percent of the total area.